The Cannabis world is vast and dense with thousands upon thousands of different strains, all with their own sets of scents and tastes. Found within the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD, Terpenes are the aromatic oils that set each strain apart from another. Citrus, Berry, Mint, and Pine scents found in cannabis are all a result of terpenes.
Arguably a more fascinating point on Terpenes, is their ability to work together with other cannabinoids inside of the plant. While THC binds to receptors in the brain, Terpenes will also bind to those same receptors, thus affecting the chemical output. Terpenes can also alter how much THC gets absorbed through the blood-brain barrier. Besides adding a potent fragrance, Terpenes can increase focus, relaxation, body buzz, euphoria, or energy, depending on the strain you consume.
Most Commonly Found Cannabis Terpenes:
Alpha-Pinene: Characterized by a sharp pine-like scent; found commonly in many Sativa strains. Known to increase alertness, memory retention, as well as counteracting some effects of THC.
Myrcene: An earthy, herbal scent with a hint of citrus/tropical fruit. It acts as a lubricant for THC receptors in your brain, to allow an increased influx of THC into the brain.
Limonene: Citrus fruit like smell. Responsible for added stress relief, anti-anxiety, as well as an immune system booster.
Caryophyllene: Spicy, peppery scent. Promotes euphoric feelings and depression relief.
Linalool: Characterized with a floral scent also found in Lavender, cotton, and linen. Known as an anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, and anti-depressant agent.